Visual Secret Sharing Schemes for Multiple Secret Images Including Shifting Operation of Shares
- A. Espejel-Trujillo, M. Nakano-Miyatake, and M. Iwamoto
- CCE 2009
- Nov. 2009
Visual Cryptography, proposed by Naor-Shamir in 1994, is also called a Visual Secret Sharing (VSS) scheme since it can be regarded as one realization of secret sharing scheme. In VSS schemes, an image is encrypted into a set of images called shares, which look like random noise. In decryption, the secret image is perceived from stacked shares by human visual system, and hence no extra computations and prior knowledge are required. The VSS scheme proposed by Naor-Shamir is a (k,n) or less threshold VSS scheme for binary image, where a secret image is decrypted by stacking arbitrary k out of n shares, but any (k−1) or less shares must not leak out any information of the secret image. In this paper a variant of the VSS Scheme is proposed, where three binary secret images are encrypted into two shares, at the same time these shares looks like innocent image. Furthermore The first secret image is decrypted by a typical stacking process, while the other two secret images are decrypted using the shifting, that is moving one of the shares respect to the other share in a appropriate position.