研究成果

学術論文誌

  • A Computationally Efficient Card-Based Majority Voting Protocol with Fewer Cards in the Private Model
    著者
    Y. Abe, T. Nakai, Y. Watanabe, M. Iwamoto, and K. Ohta
    雑誌名
    IEICE Transactions on Fundamentals
    発行年
    2023
    to appear
    Abstract

    Card-based cryptography realizes secure multiparty computation using physical cards. In 2018, Watanabe et al. proposed a card-based three-input majority voting protocol using three cards. In a card-based cryptographic protocol with n-bit inputs, it is known that a protocol using shuffles requires at least 2n cards. In contrast, as Watanabe et al.'s protocol, a protocol using private permutations can be constructed with fewer cards than the lower bounds above. Moreover, an n-input protocol using private permutations would not even require n cards in principle since a private permutation depending on an input can represent the input without using additional cards. However, there are only a few protocols with fewer than n cards. Recently, Abe et al. extended Watanabe et al.'s protocol and proposed an n-input majority voting protocol with n cards and n + \floor{n/2} + 1 private permutations. This paper proposes an n-input majority voting protocol with \ceil{n/2}+1 cards and 2n-1 private permutations, which is also obtained by extending Watanabe et al.'s protocol. Compared with Abe et al.'s protocol, although the number of private permutations increases by about n/2, the number of cards is reduced by about n/2. In addition, unlike Abe et al.'s protocol, our protocol includes Watanabe et al.'s protocol as a special case where n=3.