- K. Takashima, Y. Abe, T. Sasaki, D. Miyahara, K. Shinagawa, T. Mizuki, and H. Sone
- COCOA 2019
- LNCS 11949
Consider a group of people who want to know the “rich list” among them, namely the ranking in terms of their total assets, without revealing any information about the actual value of their assets. This can be achieved by a “secure ranking computation,” which was first considered by Jiang and Gong (CT-RSA 2006); they constructed a secure ranking computation protocol based on a public-key cryptosystem. In this paper, instead of using a public-key cryptosystem, we use a deck of physical cards to provide secure ranking computation protocols. Therefore, our card-based protocols do not rely on computers, and they are simple and easy for humans to implement. Specifically, we design four protocols considering tradeoffs between the number of cards and the number of shuffles required to execute protocols. We also present a guide to choose an appropriate protocol according to the number of people participating in the protocol and the size of the input range.